Do you wonder how and who built your house? Those tall buildings around you and popular phenomenal buildings all over the world? Or how electricity flows into your homes, who made it? Who built mechanical equipment that makes our everyday life easier than ever? The whos of the questions are the people who took and studied Civil Engineering course. Their responsibility is to build, and equip such as buildings, equipment, structures, and many more.
Civil engineering is broad and has branches underlying this discipline and is believed as the oldest engineering discipline. It deals with planning, constructing, and maintaining structures related whether to earth, water, or space. People who have studied and mastered this Civil Engineering profession are called engineers.
Engineering comes from the latin word “ingenerare” that means to invent, to create, or to regulate. It is applying scientific and mathematical principles upon building things to make life easier. Engineering is a scientific art.
Civil Engineering is responsible to develop the life quality through infrastructures provision such as:
- Building, bridges and other structures
- Dams and levees
- Geotechnical facilities
- Water treatment and plantation of waste disposal
Why do we need Civil Engineers?
Imagine a world without developed infrastructures? How can you build a comfortable and well-structured home without engineers? How accurate is your structural plan for your tall buildings? Is it functional, safe, and economically sound? Well we say that we can DIY or “Do it Yourself” but without proper calculations and accuracy of foundation, we can’t say the building is habitable nor a safe shed.
The reasons why we need Civil Engineers:
- They give us assurance that the houses, buildings, infrastructures, etc. are livable.
- They make sure that we are utilizing our resources responsibly. This will lead to sustainable development.
- Lastly, they help to sustain the competitiveness in the global economy. Also, increasing productivity leads to economic development for a certain country to compete globally.
That is the importance of Civil Engineers in our economic competitiveness and development. They value to work with excellence, innovative mindset, genuity, diversity, trustworthy, and integrity to the profession.
6 Specializations under Civil Engineering
As we have said, Civil Engineering is a broad field and has types of specialization. Below are the 6 specializations in Civil Engineering and its duty and responsibilities:
This specialization focuses on constructing, executing, and designing processes to build and maintain the infrastructures such as bridges, buildings, dams, stadiums, airports, and highways. A construction engineer have these tools in order to success which are:
- Have strong math, science and computer skills;
- Creative Mind
- Have aptitude in solving problems through applying science and engineering procedures
- Delighted to work both indoors and outdoors;
- Have sense of initiation and firm work ethic;
- Able to collaborate to various and different people
- Skill in communication
- Despite the constant change of environment, the willingness to learn is still there.
Structural Engineering is the specialization that is responsible for designing new structures, and upgrading existing structures for maintenance. Also structure ‘bones and muscles’ that gives shape and form to the infrastructures. They construct buildings, bridges, offshore platforms, transmission towers, and other specialized facilities.
Structural engineers are working with other designers such as architects, building service engineers, and they often supervise the on site construction projects by the contractors.
Structural engineers responsibilities are:
- To understand and calculate the infrastructure’s stability, strength, rigidity, and check the build of earthquake-susceptibility for buildings and non buildings structures.
Geotechnical Engineering’s main concern is the engineering behavior of the earth materials.It researches about the behavior of solid under the pressure and the interaction between soil and water.
The responsibilities of Geotechnical Engineers are:
- To investigate the existing subsurface conditions such as tunnels, excavations, pipelines and other subsurface facilities.
- They are the one who determines the physical and chemical properties related to the certain projects.
- They evaluate the risks of the sites.
- They design the earthworks and the foundation of structures.
- Also, monitors the construction of earthwork and foundation.
This engineering specialization focuses on designing, planning, operating, and maintaining the safety and efficient transportation systems. The scope of this specialization works on roadways, railway, waterways, and intermodal transport. These are typically massive and expensive systems.
There are important aspects that a transportation engineer should consider such as they should not solely have interest in the infrastructures (bridges, railways, etc.) and units (cars, trucks, trains) but also the users. These three elements (Infrastructures, units, and users) should be interconnected to one another to acquire the system knowledge.
Environmental engineering is a branch of engineering mainly concerned with people’s safety from the harmful effects of the environment like pollution. Their responsibility is to protect and develop the environmental quality such as natural and engineered systems. Also to provide people safe and clean water, ensure waste water treatment systems, and cleaning hazardous waste sites.
The work of environmental engineers are:
- Develop recycle method
- Innovative waste disposals
- Educate people with public health
- Water and air pollution control
Water Resources Engineering
Water resources engineering studies the distribution and circulation of waters from linking earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land. It measures the surface runoff to determine the difference between precipitation and abstractions (infiltrations), evaporation and surface storage. They are responsible for managing the designs of storm-sewers, water supplies, and forecast floods in urban areas.